The Piercing Pattern

Piercing Patterns
Piercing and Dark-Cloud Cover Patterns

The Piercing pattern is a bulling trend reversal or bottom reversal pattern that appears towards the end of a downtrend. It is the opposite of the dark-cloud-cover pattern that appears in an uptrend. As the piercing pattern is a bullish trend reversal pattern, the presence of an existing down trend is a prerequisite. Like the dark-cloud cover pattern, the piercing pattern is a two-candlestick pattern. The first candlestick must be a dark candlestick with a large real body and the second candlestick should be light in color and should below the low of the previous candlestick. The second candlestick must close above the middle of the real body of the first candlestick, with the deeper it pierces the first candlestick the more significant the pattern becomes. The pattern also becomes more significant if the two candlesticks that form the pattern are Marubozu candlesticks with no upper or lower shadows.

As with the dark-cloud cover pattern and most trend reversal patterns, the piercing pattern is more reliable depending on where it appears on the price chart in relation to trendlines, pivot point, and support and resistance lines, etc. A piercing pattern at or near a lower trendline or a support line can be used as confirmation that the test of the trendline is more likely to fail. The lowest point of the piercing pattern can also be used as a support line, and a possible location for a protective stop loss.


Dark-Cloud Cover

Dark-cloud Cover
Dark-cloud Cover

The dark-cloud cover pattern is the opposite of the piercing pattern and appears at the end of an uptrend. It is a dual candlestick pattern with the first candlestick being light in color and having a large real body. The second candlestick must be dark in color, must open higher than the high of the first candlestick and must close down, well into the real body of the first candlestick. The deeper the second candlestick penetrates the first, the more reliable the pattern becomes.

The dark-cloud cover pattern is also more reliable when it appear at or near a resistance line ...

Tweezers Pattern

Tweezers Top
Tweezers Top

The Tweezers Top and Tweezers Bottom patterns are minor trend reversal patterns that consist of two candlesticks with the same approximate high or the same approximate low respectively. The two candlesticks should have alternating colors with the first confirming the current trend and the second indicating a weakness in the trend. The reliability of these patterns increase when the first candlestick is has a large real body while the second candlestick has a short real body.

In the Tweezers Top pattern, the first candlestick should be a bullish candlestick with a ...



Star Patterns

Evening Doji Star
The Evening Doji Star

Star patterns are trend reversal patterns that consist of three candlesticks, with the middle candles stick forming the star. A star is a candlestick with a short real body, like a doji or a spinning top, that gaps away from the real body of the preceding candlestick. There are three basic star patterns: the morning star, which appears in a downtrend; and the evening star and the shooting star, which appear in an uptrend.

The morning star and the evening star have a doji or a spinning top as the second candle...

Hanging Man / Hammer

Hammer Pattern
Hammer Candlestick

The Hanging Man and Hammer candlestick patterns are related trend reversal patterns that may appear at the end of an uptend or downtrend respectively. This is a single candlestick pattern that with a short real body, little or no upper shadow and a long lower shadow that must be at least twice as long as length of the real body. The color of the candle is not import, only its location in the current trend.

The Hammer pattern is called a takuri in Japanese, which means testing the water for its depth. This is the bullish version of the pattern. A bearish ...


Continuation Patterns

Continuation Patterns
Three Methods

Continuation patterns indicate that there is a greater probability of the continuation of a trend than a trend reversal.. These patterns are generally formed when the price action enters a consolidation phase during a pre-existing trend. During the consolidation phase, the trend appears to change; however, the continuation of the preceding trend is more probable.

Some of the common continuation patterns include the cup and handle pattern, flags and pennants, symmetrical triangles, ascending triangle and desc...


Reversal Patterns

Trend Reversal Patterns
Harami Pattern

Reversal patterns mark the turning point of an existing trend and are good indicators for taking profit or reversing your position. Generally, trend reversal patterns indicate that a support level in a downtrend or a resistance level in an uptrend will hold and that the pre-existing trend will start to reverse. These patterns allow you to enter early in the establishment of the new trend and are usually result in very profitable trades.

The common reversal patterns include the double tops and double bottoms, triple tops and triple bottoms, broadening tops and broadening bottoms, ...


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