Candlestick Patterns

Candlestick Patterns
Candlestick Patterns

Candlesticks patterns are based on candlestick charts and are recurring chart patterns that consist of only a few candlestick, usually in the region of one to four candlesticks. Because candlesticks give an indication of strength and weakness of the current price movement, the candlestick patterns tend provide clearer indications of the probability of a possible trend reversals than any of the other chart types. This tends to increase the profitability of trading these chart patterns and is one of the key reasons why candlestick charts have become rather popular in recent years, especially among short-term traders.

Candlestick patterns can be both bullish and bearish, depending on where they occur on the chart and where they occur within an existing trend. They can also be trend reversal or continuation patterns. The reliability of a candlestick pattern depends on the location of the pattern within the price chart, in terms of where it appears in an existing trend, and in relation to possible support and resistance lines, or other trend lines or pivot points. The time-frame of the chart is also of importance as candlestick patterns on short time-frame, intraday charts tend to be less reliable than patterns on charts of a longer time-frame. Another possible consideration in determining the reliability of a candlestick pattern is the volume traded when the candlestick pattern is formed. If the pattern is formed on low volume, the pattern tends to be less reliable.

There are literally hundreds of candlestick patterns but not all of them appear with great regularity, and not all of them have a high degree of reliability and profitability. The more commonly occurring candlestick patterns include the engulfing pattern, the harami, hanging man and hammer patterns, doji or star patterns, and the tweezers pattern. We will focus more on the commonly occurring and high probability candlestick patterns than the more obscure patterns.



Engulfing Pattern

Bullish Engulfing Pattern
Bullish Engulfing

The Engulfing pattern is a reversal candlestick pattern that can appear at the end of an uptrend or at the end of a downtrend. The first candlestick in this pattern is characterized by a small body and is followed by a larger candlestick whose body completely engulfs the previous candlestick's body.

The colors of the candlesticks that make up the engulfing pattern are important. When the engulfing pattern appears at the end an uptrend, it is a bearish reversal signal and indicates a weakness in the uptrend and ...

Harami Pattern

Bullish Harami Pattern
Bullish Harami Pattern

'Harami' is an old Japanese word that means pregnant and describes this pattern quite well. The harami pattern consists of two candlesticks with the first candlestick being the mother that completely encloses the second, smaller candlestick. It is a reversal candlestick pattern that can appear in either an uptrend or a downtrend. When the second candlestick is a doji, the pattern is called a harami cross and is more significant than the normal harami pattern as the doji's lack of a real body indicates great indecision and uncertainty.

When the harami pattern is ...


Dark-Cloud Cover

Dark-cloud Cover
Dark-cloud Cover

The dark-cloud cover pattern is the opposite of the piercing pattern and appears at the end of an uptrend. It is a dual candlestick pattern with the first candlestick being light in color and having a large real body. The second candlestick must be dark in color, must open higher than the high of the first candlestick and must close down, well into the real body of the first candlestick. The deeper the second candlestick penetrates the first, the more reliable the pattern becomes.

The dark-cloud cover pattern is also more reliable when it appear at or near a resistance line ...

Star Patterns

Evening Doji Star
The Evening Doji Star

Star patterns are trend reversal patterns that consist of three candlesticks, with the middle candles stick forming the star. A star is a candlestick with a short real body, like a doji or a spinning top, that gaps away from the real body of the preceding candlestick. There are three basic star patterns: the morning star, which appears in a downtrend; and the evening star and the shooting star, which appear in an uptrend.

The morning star and the evening star have a doji or a spinning top as the second candle...


Japanese Candlestick Charts

Candlestick Charts
Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts have become popular in the West since the 1980s but they date back from the 1700s. The evolution of candlestick charts are generally attributed to the trading principles of a Japanese rice trader named Munehisa Homma who traded rice in 18th century Japan.

In candlestick charts plot the open price and the close price for the period to form the solid body of the candlestick. The high price and the low price are plotted as the upper and lower shadow, respectively. In this respect, they display the same information as OHLC bar ...


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Reversal Patterns

Trend Reversal Patterns
Harami Pattern

Reversal patterns mark the turning point of an existing trend and are good indicators for taking profit or reversing your position. Generally, trend reversal patterns indicate that a support level in a downtrend or a resistance level in an uptrend will hold and that the pre-existing trend will start to reverse. These patterns allow you to enter early in the establishment of the new trend and are usually result in very profitable trades.

The common reversal patterns include the double tops and double bottoms, triple tops and triple bottoms, broadening tops and broadening bottoms, ...